职业插画师是怎样炼成的?

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補充閱讀,另一個我回答的問題:职业插画师,该具备哪些东西?

首先题主想到提出问题是好的,但是做的事情是伸手党的行为啊。回答你的问题无非就是丢一堆资源链接。但是对于不费力得到的东西真的会好好看吗?我很怀疑。嘛,说是这么说,问题还是会答的,资源也是会给的,希望能对题主有帮助。但是道理说起来都很简单,重要的还是你自己怎么做。

作为新手对职业插画师很仰望吧。难免觉得职业插画师都是天赋都是大神,可是实际上成为职业插画师,主要靠的还是勤奋和努力。有句话说得好:以大多数人的努力程度之低,根本轮不到拼天赋。

[惊异于职业插画师的技法水准和丰富的想象力]其实这个问题特别特别好解答,就是练习和积累。技法水准没得说,就是不停地画画练习出来的;丰富的想象力,是平时注重个人眼界拓宽、注重素菜积累和强大资料收集能力的表现。这两者无一不是时间和汗水堆积出来的啊。

举栗子:deoR大大的围脖Sina Visitor System

请看一下#每日一涂#的标签,虽然不是每天但是三天两头地在做练习。



有没有看得热血沸腾想要立刻动起手画画??

可以加入JaneMere大大的局部练习 | 新浪微群,练起来!每隔一段时间就会出一个主题,附有示范和解说,大家凭借自觉一起参与练习。

-----下---载---资---源-----

题主没有说自己是在向哪一个领域的插画进发,我姑且贴一些大部分插画领域都会用到的资源,请题主自行甄辨合不合适自己。

1.爬藤家资料集合

爬藤家资料I网盘下载|115网盘

爬藤家资料II网盘下载|115网盘

爬藤家资料III网盘下载|115网盘

2.拥有了就感觉拥有了全世界的笔刷

杨雪果笔刷 Blur’s Good Brush7.0发布! 专题


3.超级棒的基础教程:@ 焦糖化平之:《PSG美术教程》新年快乐!13000字的重磅炸弹终于登场,当做礼物送给大家w。简单易懂实用。有小技巧和知识点,还有易犯小错误与改正方法。看不清戳大图【转载请说明出处】教程原网址:PSG Art tutorial 新浪博客网页版:PSG 美术教程 大图与Word文档版微盘下载网址:PSG美术教程(大图&Word文档).rar


4.Pixiv人体教程等

下方链接都需要P站账号,如果没有或者不方便,请戳→【pixiv 教程】

http://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?id=59317

「三澤先生のpixiv絵画教室」の画像投稿作品の検索 [pixiv]

【講座】「ミリペンとボールペンとカラー筆ペンまとめ」漫画/ねね [pixiv]

イラストコミュニケーションサービス[pixiv(ピクシブ)]

【マッスル講座】「下腕部筋肉資料1」イラスト/キタジマ_kitajima [pixiv]


5.[数码绘的文法01-23]非常好的日风插画教程。

http://www.bilibili.tv/video/av42243/


-----资---源---平---台-----

不完全都是绘画资源,有服饰文化历史等。

【爬藤家】~(≧▽≦)/~ACG创作教程及资料分享~

老阿姨在看着你的围脖Sina Visitor System

虎掰掰的围脖Sina Visitor System

-----大---神---博---客-----

以下是各种大神的博客/围脖,可以加收藏夹不定期去看看。

外光原理—由浅入深的详细教程

肖壮悦X-tiger_新浪博客

JaneMere’s Castle

尽可能有条理地呈现给题主,其实看起来也还是有点乱糟糟的样子。其实无极黑地教程也是极好的,但是数量比较庞大,题主自己试着找一找吧。伸手虽然能要到资源,但还是比不上自己日常积累来得实在,题主想成为职业插画师的话最好平时注重从如下途径积累资源:

·经常关注资源平台

·关注各种绘画大神

·参与分享绘画心得、教程

·和各种水平地画师多交朋友

·收集插画画集(电子版/实体书)

·拥有遇到好资源会互相分享或@的好朋友

·养成整理资源和及时加收藏夹的好习惯

不知怎么的回答起这个问题来气呼呼的,再看了看题目发现了原因![最好能推荐一下入门书籍,网站,视频教程之类,以免还要在资源搜集上消耗大量时间]哎亲!我就不知道了,你不想在这些事情上花时间那你要在哪里花时间??甄别筛选资源本来就是画师必修的技能啊!时间就像一张网,洒在哪里收获就在哪里。(加粗瞩目)看教程搜资源和绘画练习是相辅相成的事情,缺一不可好吗!绘画练习必不可少,但是说好的“惊异于职业插画师的技法水准和丰富的想象力”,你以为自己蒙头画就可以有丰富的想象力了??

很负责任的告诉你,想少花时间节约时间速成职业插画师是绝!对!不!可!能!的!你只能尽可能提高自己的效率,而不是想着把时间缩短。既然要混职业圈就拿出应有的觉悟来!!!

对不起最后情绪失控了……明知是伸手党还把资源双手奉上是我的大毛病呜呜!题主努力画画吧!不要辜负自己的目标和梦想!加了个油!!

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大概看了一圈,知乎上的大触很多都是CG原画师,而我其实是个听起来很幼稚的儿童插画师……就从我了解到的经验来谈谈儿插这个行业吧

如果你想成为一名儿童插画师,你需要知道什么?

懒得看我啰嗦的可以直接拉到最下面看干货

———————————————————————————

前方多图预警!!

在靠画插画赚钱之前,我是个教小孩子画画的老师

从小在培训班跟老师学画画,学到高考,考上了美院,课余时间又回到培训班当老师,一晃就是六七年

读大学的时候,很认真地学国画,很认真地教小朋友们画画

现在回想起来,当时做的唯一和插画相关的事情:

就是选修了一个月的绘本课,完成了一本很简陋的很丑的绘本;还有就是在小本子上用针管笔将我和小七的好玩日常画下来

那时候还不知道有插画这个行业,只想着要一辈子教小朋友画画,就像当初我的老师教我那样。

毕业之后,不再画国画了,我受到师姐的影响开始接触水彩,那种清透的感觉我特别喜欢,自己瞎画了一段时间。

梦境系列和婚礼系列都是那时候画的





后来又报了个插画班,学了水彩和数码,虽然内容不多,但感觉开始有点理解了画插画的方法了,而且还因此认识了很多志同道合的小伙伴,才知道原来自己一直喜欢的这种类型叫做“儿童插画”,才知道原来有“插画师”这么一个工作……

我开始把自己的作品上传到各大插画网站满怀期待地等待着……

一开始没有人理我……作品的关注量也少得可怜,标准的小透明

(当时的数码临摹练习)


插画平台有很多,我开始寻找每个平台不同的规律,用什么方式、什么频率发布自己的作品能引起更多的关注……

终于有一天!有人找我约稿了!

其实现在已经记不清第一单稿子是哪个了,只记得是个私人的约稿,当时还不知道该怎么收费,到处问人,期间也没有完全理解对方的要求,改了好几次才明白对方想要什么


期间陆陆续续遇到了很多私人的单和奇奇怪怪的活……

邀请我到新平台发作品的、邀请我做衍生品的、人找我设计小店logo的、还有想找我出彩铅教程书的(我明明没画过彩铅作品……)、找我画条漫的……以上都还算正常

还有奇葩的想要挖我去北京做设计师的……想100块钱买我原稿的……找我给很丑的线稿上色的……还有想要我帮她画学校插画作业的……

(画过傅园慧表情包之后有人找我做的胶带……)





终于终于,终于有一天有个正经的出版社找我了,为童书《阿笨猫》画插图,我开心得飞起~

但这时我才知道,现在出版社基本都不会给预付款,只有一纸合同,还要等到书出版后才会付款。

第一次遇到这种情况有点担心,还四处搜索打听怎么鉴别出版社真伪,查会不会有人假装编辑来骗稿之类的……

后来还是顺利合作了,而且后面又多合作了两本书。

《阿笨猫》









《你好,小棕熊》




《最丑的美男子》



相比起私人的连客户的各种奇怪要求、以及他自己都说不清自己想要什么的约稿,专业的编辑能娴熟专业地告诉你他们的要求,沟通成本降低很多。

从此我开始愉快地和各类出版社编辑合作起来。

慢慢地我又发现,每个出版社都有自己的审美规律

比如有的出版社的封面要求人物巨巨巨大,成为绝对的主角




比如有的出版社要求颜色丰富,细节很多,还有发型服饰各种『时尚』……





不敢再“比如”了,我这么吐槽,万一编辑大大们看到了恐怕要打我的

其实当你理解了出版社的要求,沟通起来就会顺畅很多(所以学好语文还是很重要的同学们!),无形中节约了很多时间和精力

《装在橡皮箱里的小镇》





最近正在画的《男孩阿不》








嗯我的经历大概就是这些,你们知道的,后来我辞了职,专心画插画,一直到现在。

今年呢贪心了许多

不满足于只帮别人的书配插图了

想好好把自己的教程书写好,还想画点好的绘本

等我以后有了更多的经验,再来写给你们看~

————————————————————

我的经历就写到这儿啦

以下是详细攻略

想成为插画师,你需要知道这些

1、如何才能接到稿

A在各大插画平台持续发布你的『有一定质量的』作品

B加各种插画群、微博营销号会有约稿信息

(我个人没有尝试过B方法,稿费低还有第三方抽成,不急着赚钱的话还是好好提升自己的水平才是王道 )

2、有客户联系你来约稿了

A每张图的价格怎么算?

问清楚客户要求画的内容,自己估算完成一张图的时间(包括沟通、修改成本),平均到大概每日的收入来衡量价格。

(当然了,提出来的价格和你的底线价格可能有所不同,这就类似在淘宝卖东西应对买家砍价一样,你懂的~)

有同学问过我,说了半天标准收费到底应该是多少

其实这个目前就根本没有一个收费“标准”……

每家出版社公司的预算不同,能给的价格相差很远(同样复杂程度的画价格从200到700都有……)

所以说这个行业不成熟的其中一个体现也是在这里。

因此对于价格我只能说,是按照你个人能够接受的范围内去判断。

不过我私心希望大家都不要贱卖自己的劳动成果……懂的人就会知道好好的画一张图不仅仅是花费时间而已,希望大家都尊重自己的劳动成果,我们一起努力让这个行业慢慢变得更好吧

B关于试稿

有些公司可能会要求你先画一张,看看是否达到他们的要求

试稿有的只要求线稿,有的要求完成稿

你可以提出试稿费,费用跟正稿是一样的,但对方不一定会给……

C关于预付款

这是其中一种保障作者权益的方式。

确定合作后,对方应先付一部分预付款(通常是30%),画图的过程中只给对方看分辨率较低的小图或截图,全部完稿后一定要对方付清尾款才能给大图!!

身边就有朋友被骗稿的……不要轻信别人呐孩纸!

D关于签合同

我合作过的出版社几乎没有给预付款的(唯一一家给的还是编辑先垫付给我的),而且全款也要等图书出版后才会给……运气不好的时候可能等个一年半载,物价都涨了几轮了,才能拿到当年的稿费……

这个时候保障你的就是合同啦

和出版社签订合同:多少张什么画,什么时候交,多少钱,啥时候给……balabala的

每家的合同都不太一样,往往保障的更多是出版社的利益,但这暂时也是没有办法的事……

虽然我还没遇到过很坑的合同,但也请你记住每一次都要看清楚每一条的内容,这是唯一能保障你能收到钱的东西了

3、除了钱以外的东西

大多数插画师都是从兼职做起的,一边上学上班一边接商稿,等到有了经验和人气后慢慢成为全职插画师,所以其实要成为插画师,没有你想象中这么难。

接触过之后我慢慢发现,这不是一个多么高大上的职业,这个行业也不是那么文艺美好。

要赚到钱其实不难,拼命画就可以了,但是我希望你知道的是:

如果你想成为一名优秀的插画师,你必须在画商稿之余不断提升自己的手头能力和审美水平,不要盲目迎合所谓的市场,不要盲目消耗自己的精力和灵气……

不要忘记你是谁,不要忘记你是因为喜欢画画的感觉才选择这个职业的。

——以上这段,我们共勉吧

———————————————————

看完之后有没有一点梦想幻灭呢

我其实一开始没有想过要当插画师,只是想把自己的生活更有趣地表达出来而已,但当接到第一个编辑要找我约稿的时候,真的觉得很开心,仿佛是对自己的一种肯定

但慢慢的你会发现

中国的儿童插画市场还很不成熟,稿费很低,画手维权困难……

插画师不只是你想的坐在阳光灿烂地桌前听着音乐喝着咖啡画画的文艺青年,

他还要能厚着脸皮宣传自己、拥有讲价技能、有超乎常人的耐心改改改、小心翼翼维护自己的各种合法权益、和抄袭者撕逼、找拖稿费者追债……

不过与此同时我也挺享受的,我可以一整天坐在家里画厚厚一叠稿子,累了的时候也可以什么都不画过一天颓废日,工作完成后我自己想画什么画什么好好宣泄情感,旅行的时候也可以带上纸和笔到全新的环境去工作……

这就是我作为一个儿童插画师的个人感受,有很开心的,也有很无奈的

看完之后不管你是对这个行业幻想破灭,还是产生了兴趣,都希望能对你有些帮助吧

本文首发于个人公众号“小钟老师的日常”,根据本题具体内容有轻微修改

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